The Circus

P. T. Barnum, Before the Circus

P. T. Barnum before going into the business of circuses.Phineas Taylor Barnum was a lot of things. He was a businessman, entertainer, scam artist, promoter of hoaxes, author, publisher, politician, and philanthropist. However, in his own words, he described himself as “a showman by profession”. He is widely remembered, though, as the founder of a circus that would eventually grow into the globally renowned Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus.

Barnum was born in Bethel, Connecticut in 5 July 1810. During his early 20s, he engaged in several businesses –general store, book auctioning trade, real estate, and a statewide lottery. In 1829, he established a weekly paper, the Herald of Freedom, where he wrote editorials that attacked church elders. These eventually led to libel suits for which is was imprisoned for two months. When Connecticut banned the lottery, Barnum lost a significant source of income, leading him to relocate to New York City.

It was in the Big Apple that Barnum started his career as a showman. He purchased a blind, paralyzed slave woman, Joice Heth, whom he claimed to be 160 years old and to have been a nurse of George Washington. He successfully exhibited the woman in tours around America until she died at 80 years old.

After Heth died, Barnum formed his first variety troupe called “Barnum’s Grand Scientific and Musical Theater”. However, it gained only mixed success. In 1841, he purchased Scudder’s American Museum, improved its building and added more exhibits, and renamed it Barnum’s American Museum. This was a huge success.

Through the museum, Barnum exhibited his first major hoax, the Feejee mermaid, a creature with the head of a monkey and tail of a fish. Later, he introduced “the Smallest Person that ever Walked Alone”, Charles Stratton but who was more generally known as General Tom Thumb. Stratton was four years old at the time, but he was claimed to be 11. With the money he earned from his museum, Barnum purchased other museums as well.

Barnum went on to engage in other business ventures where he would lose his wealth, but regain it again. In 1865, Barnum’s American Museum burned to the ground. He immediately built another but this, too, was burned in 1868. This led to his retirement from the museum business.

It was not until 1871, when he was already 61 years old, that he entered into the circus business. A circus owner in Delavan, Wisconsin named William Cameron Coup invited Barnum into a partnership that was later to be known as the P.T. Barnum’s Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan, & Hippodrome.

The rest, as they say, is history.

Animal Acts in Circuses

The use of animal acts in circuses.Ever since the Circus Maximus was built in Rome, animals were a part of the show. Horses pulled chariots to exhaustion as they were repeatedly lashed to egg them to go faster. Big felines battled gladiators until either they were stabbed or hacked to death or have eaten their opponents.

Animals still form a part of many of today’s circuses though their roles are not a gory as during the Roman times. Typically, they are made to perform tricks or assume postures not usually done or performed by the untrained. This can be elephants, tigers, or horses, standing on their fore or hind legs; dogs, big cats, or monkeys jumping into rings held by the trainer; or a cat standing on the back of dog which, in turn, is standing on the back of a horse; bears pedaling a unicycle; or sea lions balancing a beach ball. There are many other acts performed by animals that they often take a great part of the entire show.

The growing concern, however, about animal rights may soon put an end to the practice of using animal acts in circuses. The groups People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and Animal Defenders International have been at the forefront of the move the totally ban the practice.

The groups contend that the training methods used to teach the animals the tricks displayed during the shows involve unnecessarily hurting them. To teach the animals, trainers routinely use a system of rewards and punishment wherein they give the beasts food when they obey their masters, but hit them with hooks, whips, and even administer electric shock when they do not.

Animal rights groups also take issue with the living and traveling conditions of the animals. The group alleges that often the cages are too small and cramped for the animals, and that they are usually transported regardless of extreme weather conditions. Because of their cramped spaces, they are forced to eat and sleep standing or lying in the same place where they eliminate their wastes. Such conditions necessarily lead to health problems.

On top of these issues, there have also been cases where large and dangerous animals have run berserk, causing injuries to dozens of spectators. At least one trainer has also been killed.

In response to these, several countries have restricted the use of animals in circus acts. At least two –Bolivia and Greece— have banned them altogether.

Addressing Efficiency With Factory Automation Systems

Factory Automation SystemsThe modern factory is a hodge-podge of activity. The need for more products have led to factories and plants to be more efficient. Manufacturing plants of today may be the same size as older factories, but with more production. And with more production, there is more concern on quality assurance. Factories are built upon creating a product and replicating this over and over with almost no deviations from the design. Factory manufactured items look no different from the same type item. In fact, even if a company has factories in different locations, they are assured that the products look the same.

The process of replicating the same product an indefinitely large number of times was made possible by advanced automation methods and tools. Robots of one form or another are the core of these factory automation solutions. These robots are not the same as their science fiction counterparts. These robots are programmed to do one thing, and keep repeating, the whole of the work day. With that in mind, it is no wonder that these robots also have to be programmable to do other tasks, so that it is possible to move them across the line and do other tasks when the need arises.

Advantages of Custom Solar Screens

There’s something to be said about waking up to a bright sunrise. However, some houses have problems with the way sunlight enters the home. It is an unfortunate side-effect of architectural design that large windows which look so adorable also cause glare from sunlight. It does not need to be direct sunlight, which gets reflected inside the rooms. Glare usually comes from reflected light which somehow gets into the house. Along with the glare is the heat which comes with it. Radiated heat and glare is something which can be easily addressed by window screen products.

Each house is unique, and it is expected that each part of the house would also bring something different with it. For window screens you can have precut standard sizes. But for some larger windows of floor to ceiling glass doors and other installations, custom solar screens would have to do. Contact Affordable Screen Co. if you require a custom solution. There are a wide variety of screens available, made from a wide range of materials. A window screen is only as effective as the material it is made of. The only variable is the owner’s specifications and requirements. After carefully studying the choices, their pros and cons, it is that much easier to order and buy window screens.

Help From Pest Control in Dallas Texas

Household pests are not only a big annoyance. They also cause a big threat to our health due to the different diseases that they bring. Termites destroy wood furnishings in our homes. Rats carry fleas that cause bubonic plague, and their urine can bring about leptospirosis. Flies are one of the causes of diarrhea. And mosquitoes are the main cause of malaria and dengue fever. More often than not, ordinary insect repellents cannot completely eradicate these household vermin. Some form colonies, such as termites, while the rest reproduce quickly and exponentially.

Severe pest infestation entails professional pest control services. These companies offer specialized treatments for eliminating household pests and it depends on the degree of infestation and the kind of pest to eliminate. The treatments on hand may be the traditional insecticide for mild cases, or specific all-organic treatment programs for severe infestation.

Some companies offer deals or discounts, especially for termite treatments which requires several sessions. An example is a pest control Dallas Texas company that offer a $100 off for termite treatment agreement, $50 off for fire ant control, and $40 off for general pest control. They also have a 90 day back guarantee if the customer is unsatisfied with their mosquito control system.

Getting the Right Striper Guides Lake Texoma

Lake Texoma is well-known as one of the best places for fishing. It is an excellent place for fishermen interested in striped bass or stripers. It is also a place which has one of the most liberal bag limits in the country. This should not be a wonder due to the diligent aquatic resources management of the area, the fish population has kept up with the demands of fisherman. This in turn has led to more favorable conditions for fishermen, and to more people who go to Lake Texoma for the fishing.

This feedback loop translates to better facilities for the tourists and it has also made the striper guides Lake Texoma a lot busier. The demand for expert fishing guides has increased with the increase in the number of visitors to the lake. Of course, lake guides have to show their competence and skills in assisting visiting fishermen. Besides a boat with all the modern equipment, striper guides have to know where the fish are. This information can only be gathered the old-fashioned way: by going out and fish on the lake as many times as possible. Intimate knowledge of the lake’s fishing grounds is a must for every striper guide.

Simple Kitchen Furniture Ideas

The old concept of the kitchen furniture ideas is changing. At present, it is becoming into the most concurred room of the house, because the new life rate just allow us to cook and have dinner when we are back at home from our working day.

Right from major decisions, such as placement of refrigerator, kinds of counters and cabinets installed, to the smallest detailing, such as the kind of knobs, handles and hinges used, there are a lot of things you need to consider, when it comes to styling your kitchen. However, make sure that you keep in mind the overall Decor before assembling the furniture. The quantity, size and theme of the kitchen accessories must match with the Decor theme and space available. There is nothing wrong with you being creative in shopping for kitchen furniture.

Choose a material that suits your budget and the kitchen motif and design. Wood kitchen cabinets with granite counter tops are expensive, but exude elegance and give a sophisticated look. If you are on a budget, you can choose cabinets made from a combination of plywood, particle boards, or medium density fiberboards. These cabinets are designed in such a way that the outside is made of wood, and the less expensive materials are place on the inside, thus, preserving the classy exterior.

Facts About Personal Accident Insurance

Personal accident insurance offers a monetary cover to a policyholder when he or she experience damages resulting from an accident. Insurance aids a policyholder in paying off hospital and medical bills in case of accident injuries; it also gives monetary benefits to family members if the policyholder dies in the accident. This insurance, applicable 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, is also commonly referred to as personal accident insurance.

There are eight general types of personal accident insurance policies and they are:

Individual – can be taken by any individual and the benefits include dependents like children. However, an adventurous person will not enjoy this policy.

Children – it provides financial aid to the parent that are unable to work or if they acquire expenses as a result of accident.

Group – for company employees as the expenses related to accidents.

Self-employed – for a non company employees.

Team – organizers can look for cover for all the members of a sports team.

Professional – specific for self employed professionals, such as a sportsperson, actor, lawyer or doctor, who have special requirements.

Over 50- targets people over 50 years of age, as accidents can cause more grievous injuries to them.

Lastly, Travel accident – offers benefits in case the policyholder meets with an accident while traveling.

Closet Storage Ideas Made Simple

Does your closet no longer have room for all your clothes because it is overrun with other stuff? And your coats and jackets have no more space for storage? Many people recognize that their closet isn’t working when it gets overcrowded and disorganized.  Closets that make insufficient use of space can be frustrating and overwhelming.  Use these closet storage ideas to get your closet under control and your home back in order.

Vamp up your closet and have everything out in front of you in a closet for a great way in managing your wardrobe more efficient and effective. Consider first your personal needs before you make a closet system. Using shelves is one way to make room for winter and summer clothes, so that you don’t have to toggle out wardrobes when the seasons change. This can significantly cut down on the labor and storage space that it takes to swap out clothing every few months. Begin with two hanging bars on one side. This will be where all of your pants, long sleeved shirts, dresses, suits, and coats will go.  On the other side of the closet, you can install all shelves. Fold and stack all of your t-shirts on one shelf. Use the next shelf for shorts and sportswear. Use baskets and bins for socks, underwear, swimwear, gloves, hats, or whatever else you have that needs to be separated. Use hooks for things like robes, baseball caps, and purses. Use specialty hangers for scarves, belts, ties, and skirts. Your clothes hangers can make a big difference in how much you are able to keep in your closet. A sturdy wood hanger or coat hanger should be used for heavier coats and suits. However, you can use hangers that save more space, like cascading hangers or slim hangers.